Front Matter

Title page, Message from the author, Disclaimer, Citation, Acknowledgments

Executive Summary

Document overview

Table of Contents

Table of Contents, , Acronyms and Abbreviations

Chapter 1 - Background

1.1 Problem Origins

1.2 From Rare Migrant to Locally Overabundant

1.3 First Management Efforts

1.4 Guardians of Mid-Island Estuaries Society

1.5 Study Area

Chapter 2 - Strategy Purpose and Goals

2.1 Overview

2.2 Purpose and Goals

2.3 Towards an Estuarine Marsh Restoration Plan

Chapter 3 - Introduction to the Canada Goose

3.1 Taxonomy

3.2 Food Preferences

3.3 Habitat Preferences

Chapter 4 - Current Regulatory and Policy Framework

4.1 Jurisdiction

4.2 Pacific Flyway Council

4.3 Migratory Birds Convention Act

4.4 Migratory Birds Regulations

4.5 Wildlife Policy for Canada

4.6 Hunting Regulations

4.7 BC Wildlife Act Permits

4.8 Firearm Regulations

4.9 Processing Non-hunted Wild Game for Consumption

4.10 Aboriginal/Indigenous Rights

Chapter 5 - The Need for Action

5.1 Few Benefits, Many Problems

5.2 Impacts to Estuaries

5.3 Other Ecological Impacts

5.4 Socio-economic Impacts

Chapter 6 - Population Structure

6.1 Banding

6.2 Goose Surveys

6.3 Subpopulations

6.4 Migrant Types

6.5 Relative Abundance of Migrant Types and Subpopulations

Chapter 7 - Canada Goose Seasons

Spring migration, nesting, moulting, fall migration, overwintering periods

Chapter 8 - Seasonal Distribution

8.1 Spring Migration and Pre-nesting

8.2 Nesting

8.3 Brood-rearing

8.4 Moulting

8.5 Transition - Moulting to Autumn Migration

8.6 Autumn Migration

8.7 Overwintering

Chapter 9 - Spatial Trends

​9.1 Hotspots

9.2 Site Fidelity

9.3 Nest Density

Chapter 10 - Population Trends

10.1 Statistical Analysis

10.2 External Data Sources

10.3 Life History by the Numbers

Chapter 11 - Management in Other Jurisdictions

11.1 International 

11.2 National

11.3 Regional

Chapter 12 - Management Options

12.1 Status Quo

12.2 No Action

12.3 Additional Non-lethal Controls

12.4 Additional Lethal Controls

12.5 Renewable Resources

12.6 Compensation

SWOT analysis of management options

Chapter 13 - Carrying Capacity

13.1 Ecological Carrying Capacity

13.2 Social Carrying Capacity

13.3 Alternatives to Carrying Capacity

Chapter 14 - Strategic Direction

14.1 Responsibilities

14.2 Population Objectives

14.3 Spatial Objectives

14.4 Temporal Objectives

14.5 Social Objectives

14.6 Monitoring

14.7 Timelines

14.8 Actions

Table of management objectives

Chapter 15 - Personal Communications and Literature Cited

References

Appendices

A. Survey Sites

B. Calendars

C. Limitations

D. Encounter Histories

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Canada Goose Management Strategy 2015 presentation
Mitigating Impacts of Resident Canada Geese, 2011